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Arman

“I specialize very much in… everything,” the French-born American artist Arman told an interviewer in 1968. “I have never been — how do you say it? A dilettante.” Regarded as one of the most prolific and inventive creators of the late 20th century, Arman’s vast artistic output ranges from drawings and prints to monumental public sculpture to his famous “accumulations” of found objects. His work—strongly influenced by Dada, and in turn a strong influence on Pop Art—is in the collections of such institutions as the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Tate Gallery in London and the Centre Pompidou in Paris.

Born in Nice in 1928, Armand Pierre Fernandez showed a precocious talent for painting and drawing as a child. (Inspired by Vincent van Gogh, he signed his early work with his first name only; he retained a printer’s 1958 misspelling of his name for the rest of his career.) The son of an antiques dealer and amateur cellist, the artist absorbed an intense appreciation for music, the art of collecting and the cultivation of discriminating taste from an early age. After studies at the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Nice, Arman decamped to Paris to study art history at the Ecole du Louvre. His work in these early years focused on abstract paintings inspired by the work of Nicolas de Staël. An avid reader, Arman sought inspiration through books and art reviews, as well as during frequent road trips throughout Europe with his artist friends from Nice, Claude Pascale and Yves Klein.

EXHIBITION CATALOGS

1959 Piccolo gioco administrativo del caso, Arman, Pierre Restany, Milan, Galleria Apollinaire

1960 À toute allure, Arman. Allures d'objets, Pierre Restany, Paris, Gallerie Saint-GerMayn

1962 Arman et la logique formelle de l'objet, Arman, Pierre Restany, Los Angeles, Dwan Gallery

1963 Arman, Arman, Alain Jouffroy, Milan, Galleria Schwarz

1964 Introduction à la peinture d'Arman , Arman, Claude Pascal. Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum

1964 Arman, Yves Klein, Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum Arman and Esthetic Change, Arman, Gene R. Swenson, New-York, Sidney Janis Gallery

1965 Arman, Paul Wember, Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange

1967 Arman: un acte de foi dans la spiritualité de la matière , Arman, Pierre Restany, Paris, Galerie Illeana Sonnabend

1968 Arman, John Ashbery, New York, Sidney Janis Gallery Arman, Pierre Restany, Milan, Galleria Schwarz

1969 Arman 1960-1965, Grégoire Müller, Paris, Galerie Mathias Fels Arman. Accumulations Renault, François Mathey, Paris, Union centrale des Arts décoratifs

1970 Arman Accumulations Renault, Karl-Heinz Hering, Zurich, Kunsthaus Arman piu' pittore che natura, Arman, Pierre Restany, Milan, Galleria dell'Ariete

1972 Objets de luxe et fétiches raisonnables, Arman, Pierre Restany, Milan, Galleria Arte Borgogna Arman : Les Moments d'Arman, Jacques Putman, Paris, Galerie de l'Œil

1973 Selected Activities, Peter Schjedahl, New-York, John Gibson Gallery Oggetti di lusso e feticci ragionevoli, Arman, Pierre Restany, Galleria Arte Borgogna Arman: An Archeologist of the Present, Arman. Jan Van der Marck, New-York, John Gibson Gallery

1974 Le juste poids d'un homme et d'une œuvre, Arman, Pierre Restany, Arles, Salles romanes du Cloître Saint-Trophime Logician of Form / Magician of Gesture , Arman. Selected Works : 1958-1974, Jan Van der Marck, La Jolla, La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art Arman. Concrete Lyrics, Andrew J. Crispo, New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery Arman et la logique formelle de l'objet , Arman, L'Œuvre graphique, Pierre Restany, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Galerie Alexandre de La Salle

1975 Arman, Objets armés, 1971-1974, Jacques Lassaigne, Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris Arman. Lyrical Surfaces, Andrew J. Crispo, New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery Arman's Violin-Service, A Game of Correspondances , Arman, Violin-Service, Pierre Restany, Paris, Galerie Claude Tchou Arman, Surgeon of the Mass-Productive Civilization, Arman, Yoshiaki Tôno, Nagoya, Galerie Valeur

1978 Arman. Hard & Soft, Jan Van der Marck, New-York, Andrew Crispo Gallery The Iron Age and its Monuments, Arman. L’Age de fer et ses monuments, Daniel Abadie, Paris, Galerie Beaubourg Accumulations : Radiant and Wretched, Arman. Accumulations, Shunkichi Baba, Nagoya, Galerie Valeur

1980 Petite histoire du collage et de l’assemblage , Arman. Sélection rétrospective, Otto Hahn, Cluse, Centre d’Art et de Culture de Flaine Arman, Sélection rétrospective, Pierre Restany, Cluses, Centre d'Art et de Culture de Flaine Zucche in carroze, Arman, Jan Van der Marck, Portofino, Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna

1981 Arman : uno sguardo sempre nuovo sul mondo , Arman. Opere del 1979, Pierre Restany, Rome, Le Point Art Studio

1982 Fünfundszwanzig Jahre als Erfolg / Vingt-cinq ans de bonheur , Arman, Parade der Objeckte, Retrospektive 1955 bis 1982, Pierre Restany, Hanovre, Kunstmuseum Hannover mit Sammlung Sprengel Arman. Le Traité du violon, Maurice Roche, Paris, Galerie Abel Rambert Arman , Arman. Carvings and Drawings, Otto Hahn, Dublin, The Salomon Gallery Arman. Papiers découpés 1982, Ted Castle, Paris, Galerie Beaubourg Arman Retrospektiv , Arman. Parade der Objekte, Retrospektive 1955 bis 1982, Joachim Büchner et Bernhard Holeczeck, Hanovre, Kunstmuseum Hannover mit Sammlung Sprengel Arman o l'oggetto come alfabeto , Arman o l'oggetto come alfabeto, Walter Schönenberg, Lugano, Museo Civico di Belli Arti

1984 Vinticinque anni di felicità , in Arman o l'oggetto come alfabeto, Pierre Restany, Lugano, Museo Civico di Belle Arti L’allure d’Arman , Arman, Daniel Abadie, Knokke le Zoute, Christian Fayt Art Gallery Arman’s Apocalypse, Arman. The Day After, Sam Hunter, New York, Marisa del Re Gallery A la recherche du concert perdu , Arman. Recent Sculptures, Michel Butor, Monte Carlo, Galerie Le Point Arman, scultore del'réalisme sociétal , Arman o l'oggetto come alfabeto, André Verdet, Parme, Palazzetto Eucherio Santivale

1985 Un délire spiralé d'Arman , Arman, André Verdet, Zurich, Schöner Wohnen Haus Galerie Transformation of Things, Arman, Mashashi Miura, Seoul, Walker Hill Art Center A la recherche du concert perdu, Arman, Michel Butor, Genève, Galerie Sonia Zannettacci Le jour après la colère, Arman, François Bazzoli, Toulon, Musée de Toulon Arman, Claude Fournet, Toulon, Musée de Toulon Arman Retrospektive, Adolph Hanspeter, Zurich, Galerie Pavillon Werd

1986 Arman’s Gods and Goddesses , Arman. Gods and Goddesses, Henry Geldzahler, New York, Marisa del Re Gallery Arman: Hard & Soft Ware, Arman. Hard & Soft Ware, Pierre Restany, Paris, Courrèges

1987 Arman. Rythmes et Couleurs, Claude Fournet. Nice, Galerie Ferrero

1988 Opéras – rituels , Arman. Désordres lyriques, Georges Aperghis. Paris, Opéra de Paris, Salle Favard Désordres lyriques, Arman. Michel Beretti, Paris, Opéra de Paris, Salle Favard Arman as a Painter: From Guts to Geist, Arman Paintings, Pierre Restany, New-York, Marisa del Re Gallery

1989 La seconde parade des objets , Arman Retrospektiv, Pierre Restany, Lunds, Lunds Kunsthall, Malmö, Galleri GKM Arman. Shooting Colors, Pierre Restany, Paris, Galerie Beaubourg Le montreur , Arman. Works 1955-1989, Jeffrey Robinson, Londres, The Mayor Gallery Arman Sculpteur Designer, Jeffrey Robinson, Roanne, Galerie La Taille Douce Arman. A Retrospective, Manuela Rossi, Seoul, Gana Art Gallery Deux ans plus tard, Arman. Retrospektiv, Siwert Bergström, Lunds, Lunds Konsthall, Malmö, Galleri GKM

1990 Arman's Dirty Paintings , Arman. Dirty Paintings, Donald Kuspit, New-York, Marisa del Re Gallery Arman, Monochrome Accumulations 1986-1989, Donald Kuspit, New-York, Vrej Baghoomian Gallery Arman: au pays de son inspiration, Dora Llipoulou-Rogan, Athènes, Galerie 3 Per Arman : un accumulo di ragioni, Arman, Manuela Rossi, Milan, Galleria Arte Borgogna Grande Musique et Fortes Allures, Arman, Pierre Restany, Tokyo, Fuji Television Gallery

1991 Arman: A Radical Portrait of Modernity , Arman 1955-1991 : A Retrospective, Pierre Restany, Houston, The Museum of Fine Arts Arman: Bétons 1970-1974, Catherine Francblin, Paris, Galerie Georges-Philippe Valois Arman: An Artist of Our Time , Arman 1955-1991: A Retrospective, Allison de Lima Greene, Houston, The Museum of Fine Arts Painting as Object Art / Oggettistica in pittura, Arman in Italy, Achille Bonito Oliva, Milan, Fondazione Mudima Arman: a Search for Beauty, Arman in Italy, Henry Martin, Fondazione Mudima

1993 Arman. Cycles, Donald Kuspit. New York, Marisa del Re Gallery Arman, de l’objet…à la couleur-objet , Arman, Georges Dussaule, Cagnes sur Mer, Château-Musée / Galerie Beaubourg Association d’image, Arman, André Froumessol, Cagnes sur Mer, Château-Musée / Galerie Beaubourg Arman, Maxime Longrée, Charleroi, Galerie Pascal Retelet De la peinture à la fleur, Arman, Michel Santinelli, Cagnes-sur-Mer, Château-Musée / Galerie Beaubourg

1994 La Nuit étoilée et Arman, Arman. La Nuit étoilée, Isabelle Sobelman, Pierre Nahon, Vence, Galerie Beaubourg L’elenco appunto , La ceramica di Arman, Umberto Eco, Bologne, Palazzo delle esposizioni, Edizioni Maggiore

1995 La ceramica di Arman, Henry Martin, Bologne, Palazzo delle esposizioni, Edizioni Maggiore Arman, un homo ludens en Grèce, Arman, Manos Stefanidis, Athènes, Galerie 3 La ceramica di Arman , La ceramica di Arman, Flaminio Gualdoni, Bologne, Palazzo delle esposizioni, Edizioni Maggiore

1996 Arman. Interactives, Caroll Janis, New York, Sidney Janis Gallery

1997 Arman: Accumulations in Relation, Patrick Pacheco, Londres, James Mayor Gallery

1998 Arman, Arman. Désordres Lyriques, Bernard LaMarche-Vadel, Paris. Opéra de Paris, Salle Favart Esthétique du dandy des gadoues , Arman. Désordres Lyriques, Michel Tournier, Paris, Opéra de Paris, Salle Favart

1998 Arman, Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France Arman, Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany Arman, Culturgest, Lisboa, PORTUGAL Arman: Variations sur un Lénine, Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris France Arman: Concerto pour quatre pianos, Galerie John Gibson, November, 1999, New York United States Arman: Nec mergitur, Galerie Piltzer, Paris, France Arman, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israël Arman, Museu de arte moderna do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Arman, Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo Assis Chateaubriand (MASP), Sao Paulo SP, Brazil Arman: Fragmentation of Pianos, Galerie John Gibson, New York United States

2000 Arman, Museo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico Arman: Racine carrée de fragments, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France Arman, National Museum of History, Taipei, CHINA Arman: Anatomie del Tempo, Reggio Emilia, Italy Arman: Fragmentations, Galerie Georges-Philippe & Nathalie Vallois, Paris, Arman: Works on Paper, Ludwig Museum, Koblenz, Germany Arman: La Traversée des Objets, Chateau Musée de Villeneuve, Vence, France Arman: Vingt Siècles vus par Arman, Couvent des Cordeliers, Paris, France

2001 Arman, Fundaciò “la Caixa”, Barcelone, Spain Arman, Zürichsee Auktionen, Erlenbach, Switzerland Arman, Galerie Belmont, Films, Switzerland Arman: Superpositions, Guy Pieters Gallery, Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium Arman, Sandwich Combos, Malborough Gallery, New York, United States Arman: En tout cas c’est de l’art, Galleria Dante, Padova, Italy Arman: La Traversée des Objets, Palazzo delle Zitelle, Venise, Italy Arman: Vingt Stations de l’Objet, Chantier Naval Opéra, Antibes Arman: Works on Paper, Vila Zanders Bergisch-Gladbach, Germany Arman: Through and Across Objects, Boca Raton, Florida, United States Arman: Des Cycles de la Vie, Galerie Anne Lettree, LUXEMBOURG Arman, Galeria De Arte Isabel Aninat, Santiago, CHILE Arman, Die Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland Arman: Vingt Siécles vus par Arman, Exposition au Chantier Naval Opera, Port Vabanantibes Arman: Passage a L’Acte, MAMAC, Nice, France, June 14 – October 14, 2001.

2002 Arman: Musique, Kunsthaus Grenchen, Grenchen, Switzerland Arman: Africarmania, Arman et l’Afrique, Galerie Beaubourg, Vence, France Arman: Dix Mots Pour, Sonia Zannettachi Gallery, Switzerland Arman: Œuvre Monumentale, Ville du Lavandou, Le Lavandou, France Arman: Works on Paper, Villa Haiss Museum, Zell, Germany Arman: Fragmentations, FIAC Galerie Beaubourg, Paris, France

2003 Arman: A Survey, Marlborough Gallery, New York, United States Arman: Centomilacenerentole, Dante Vecchiato Galleria d’Arte, Padova, Italy Arman: Arman, Museum of Contemporary Art of Teheran, Teheran, IRAN Arman: Le plein de l’art, Galleria Fonte d’Abisso, Milano, Italy Collection: Obelisk, 1983, (Towering accumulation of bronze cellos): Inducted into the Sydney and Walda Besthoff Sculpture Garden, New Orleans Museum of Art, Louisiana United States

2004 Arman: Peintures, Marlborough Gallery, Madrid, Spain Arman: Peintures, Marlborough Gallery, MONACO Arman: Interactives and Serious Paintings, Imago Gallery, Palm Desert, California United States Collection: Cavalleria Eroica, 1987 Erected by Jing An District People Government, Shanghai, Taiwan Arman photographe, Theatre de la Photographie et de L’image, Nice, France Arman: The Violence and the Number, Historial de la Grande Guerre, Peronne, France Arman: Superposition, New Art: 38th Int’l Fair for Modern & Contemporary Art, Cologne, Germany Arman: Opere Recenti, Centro d’Arte Cultura and Bugno Art Gallery, Venezia, Italy

2005 Arman, Musée des Beaux Arts, Reims, France, May 7 - August 8, 2005.

2006 Les inédits: Collection de Jean Ferrero, La Malmaison, Cannes, France, July 8 - January 28, 2007. A Tribute to Arman, Marlborough Gallery, New York, United States, Febraury 2 - March 4, 2006. Arman : No Comment, Galerie Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois, Paris, France, January 20 - February 24, 2006. Arman: Subida al Cielo, Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice, France, June 30 - October 1, 2006. Hommage à Arman 1928-2005, Galleri GKM, Malmö, Sweden, June 10 -August 26, 2006. Arman, Yeh Gallery, Seoul, South South Korea, December 16, 2005-January 12, 2006.

2007 Arman. Photographs Friends, French Institute Alliance Française, New York, United-States, April 18 - May 15, 2007. Arman: Polychromes, Imago Gallery, Palm Desert, California, United States, November 24, 2007 - January 6, 2008.

2008 Arman: The Day After, Helly Nahmad Gallery, New York, United States, November - December 2008. The Flowers of Evil Still Bloom, Cueto Project Gallery, New York, United States, November 6, 2008 - January 10, 2009. Arman – Painter, Connaught Brown, London, UK, May 18 – June 19, 2008. Arman: Polychromes, Guy Pieters Gallery, Knokke-Le-Zoute, Belgium, March 23 - April 21, 2008. Arman, Palazzo Bricherasio, Turin, Italy, January 25 - February 24, 2008.

2010 Look Again, Marlbouough Gallery, New York, New York, January 13, 2010 – February 13, 2010. Arman: La Petite Exposition, Vecchiato Art Gallery, Padova, Italy, February 2010 Arman: Retrospective, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France, September 10, 2010 – January 10, 2011. New Realisms: 1957-1962, Museo National Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, June 15 - October 4, 2010

2011 50 Artists: A Collection, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul de Vence, France, December 17, 2011 – March 8, 2012.

2012 Piet and Ida Sanders. A Life with Art, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands, June 30 – October 2012. Le Nouveau Realisme, Luxembourg and Daya, London, UK, June 18 - August 11, 2012. Sculpted Matter, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, United States, June 21 - August 17, 2012. The Small Utopia: Ars Multiplicata, Fondazione Prada, Milan, Italy, July 5 -November 25, 2012.

2013 From Picasso to Koons: The Artist as Jeweler, Bass Museum of Art, Miami, Florida, March 15 – July 21, 2013. Arman: Cycles, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, New York, February 28 – April 6 2013. Arman The Collector: The Artist’s Collection of African American Art, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, New York, November 11 – January 11, 2014. On The Road, Musée Labenche, Brive-la-Gaillarde, France, December 6 2013 – March 16, 2014.

2014 Pop Culture: Selections from the Frederick R. Weisman Art Foundation, Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, Florida, United States, January 12, 2014 - April 23, 2014. Art or Sound, Fondazione Prada, Venice, Italy, June 7 – November 3, 2014. Arman: Cascades, Galerie Guy Pieters, Saint Paul de Vence, France, June 15, - July 20, 2014. Zero: Countdown to Tomorrow, 1950s-1960s, Guggenheu Museum, New York, New York, October 10 – January 7, 2015. Sacha Sosno & Les Ecoles de Nice, Musee Regards de Provence, Marseille, France, September 5 2014 – January 11, 2015. Helenna Rubentstein: Beauty is Power, The Jewish Museum, New York, New York, October 21, 2014 – March 22, 2015.

2015 Arts and Food, Fondazione La Triennale de Milano, Milan, Italy, April – October 2015. Magnificent Obsessions: The Artist as Collector, Barbican Gallery, London, UK, February 12 – May 25, 2015. ARMAN Accumulations 1960-1964, Galerie Templon, Paris, France, February 27 2015 - April 6 2016.

BOOKS AND MONOGRAPHIES

1972 Arman, Paris, Fernand Hazan, collection "Ateliers d'aujourd'hui" Otto Hahn

1973 Arman, New-York, Harry N. Abrams French Edition : Pierre Horay, with text by Pierre Restany. Henry Martin

1982 Arman: Conscious Vandalism / Vandalismo cosciente, Vérone, Edizioni Factotum-Art Sarenco

1984 Arman, New-York, Abbeville Press Jan Van der Marck The Public Sculpture of Arman, New-York, Marisa del Re Gallery Frederic Ted Castle Arman, Galerie Beaubourg, reprinted from the journal CiMayse, Paris, no. 170, May-July 1984. "Accumulations by Arman", Art in America, New-York, vol. 71, no. 11, December 1983. Frederic Ted Castle

1987 Arman, Paris, La Différence Bernard LaMarche-Vadel

1988 Arman. 13 peintures / Arthur Rimbaud. Lettres du Voyant, Paris, La différence, collection "Tels qu'en eux-mêmes" (livre publié à l'occasion de l'exposition "Arman. Peintures 87-88", Galerie Beaubourg, Paris, 1988). Jan Van der Marck

1990 Arman Estampes, Paris, Editions Marval Jane Otmezguine, Corice Canton Arman and Marc Moreau

1991 Arman, Catalogue raisonné II, Paris, La Différence Denyse Durand-Ruel

1992 Mémoires accumulés d'Arman, Paris, Belfond Otto Hahn

1993 Arman, Paris, La Différence, collection "Classiques du XXIème siècle" Pierre Cabane

1994 Arman, Catalogue raisonné III, Paris, La Différence Denyse Durand-Ruel

2004 Arman Inclusions, Bordighera, Edizioni Cudemo Tita Reut

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